For the Fearless: Via Ferrata in the Daring Dolomites

For the Fearless: Via Ferrata in the Daring Dolomites

Safety harnesses, a network of steel cables, security ladders and climbing insurance are all necessary for you to be able to reach the summit. Even seasoned mountain climbers find these peaks challenging – and you’re going further yet! You’d better believe the panoramic, jaw-dropping views from the top will be worth all the sweating (from both exertion and adrenaline…).
Trekking through the Dolomites is anything but a walk in the park. Renowned for its towering peaks, north-eastern Italy’s mountain range crests at over 3000m regularly. Easily recognisable thanks to its limestone spires which grace the pages of any adventure mag worth its salt, it doesn’t take an expert eye to realise this mountain range is for serious thrill-seekers.

 

Via Ferrata is The Answer

Via Ferrata offers the chance to access some of the world’s most imposing summits. Austro-Hungarian and Italian armies created these trails during WWI for the purpose of transporting supplies and soldiers through previously inaccessible regions. And now you can mirror their movements!

Nowadays the routes are in peak condition thanks to the efforts of the Club Alpino Italiano (CAI), who maintain and equip the via ferrata paths.

For a mountain climbing experience with the ultimate edge, try one of the following routes.

5 Day Flying Visit

If time isn’t on your side, don’t worry. Make a round-trip from Cortina d’Ampezzo for a 5-day adrenaline-fuelled getaway. You’ll get a flavour of different via ferrata every day, and in the evenings you can sample the flavours of the local Cortinian cuisine. The culture here is great fun too, and you’ll have the added bonus of enjoying the mountain rifugio vibes.

Sella Massif: Hiking and the Via Ferrata

Does the epic metal trail tempt you, but you’re also an avid hiker? Not a problem! The Sella Massif offers the best of both worlds. 5-day excursions from the Alta Badia are organised regularly, combining hiking with via ferrata for the ultimate dare-devil trip to the Dolomites!

Val di Fassa Region

Do you have more time to play with? Then let the Val di Fassa be your playground! An 8-day itinerary will let you really get to grips with this region’s mountains and trails. The greener stages of the route can be traversed on foot while the steep rocks littering the mountain are to be tackled by ladders and iron steps.

At the end of your trek you’ll have some envy-provoking Instagrams, rock-hard calves and a wealth of epic anecdotes to share.

Don’t Forget!

Make sure you have the necessary climbing insurance before you set out on this path. Get a quick quote that covers you for all of your adventures this year with great annual climbing insurance, or opt for a single cover if this foray through the Via Feratta is enough adrenaline-fuelled fun for now!

Author Plate

Ethan Bailey is an experienced adventure traveller and insurance expert with the team at Let’s Go Insure. Ethan’s passion is to inspire his clients to go just that little bit further, deeper and higher on their travels and his expertise in providing the ideal insurance cover allows them to do just that. If you’re looking for the best climbing insurance Let’s Go works with the most experienced underwriters, intermediaries and insurers to offer a range of competitive insurance without compromising on cover.

Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

Usually, the word “dry season” conjures up arid vision, inadequate. But for the outlying islands of the Galapagos Islands, the dry season is nothing boring.
Unlike some other destinations around the world, the dry moon is actually an ideal time for nature lovers to start a wildlife voyage in the Galapagos. It does not experience a typical tropical climate, and between July and December is actually a time of great activity, migration and breeding. Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

What Happens During The Dry Moon?

The archipelago has two distinct seasons: dry and wet. The season here is directly influenced by the cold Humboldt Current, which mixes with warm water from the equatorial currents and causes the rich nutrients (from Humboldt) to rise to the surface. During the dry period of six months, currents are driven toward the island by prevailing trade winds, which have a profound effect on local ecology.

Animal Sea Abundance

With an abundant supply of food, marine life is growing rapidly at this time. Along with the number of fish that can be seen in shallow waters, the population of sharks, octopi, rays and crustaceans swells to a greater proportion. For sea turtles, this is the time of breeding in the prime and December marking the start of their nesting season. Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

High Height

The height of various volcanic islands means, even in the dry months, there is significant rainfall in some areas. On the plateau, the drizzle and mist of moist known as Garúa is a constant presence and, while under the conditions at the bottom is quite arid, fertile and tropical highlands. Therefore, large numbers of animals – like the Giant Turtles – migrate to higher ground for food. While this seasonal movement occurs on a smaller scale than Africa’s “big migration”, it is the same principle. To find very active wildlife, most trips to wildlife voyages in the Galapagos at this time of the year will include trips to several island plateaues.

Breeding time

Surprisingly, temperatures are lower during the dry months, and during this cold weather many species choose to breed. It is very common among bird species and, when their young are hatched, large numbers of small fish in the surrounding waters serve as a reliable source of food. Boobies, Frigate and Flightless Cormorants begin their marriage early in the dry season, and their numbers increase as the gliders begin to appear in the following months.

Other species that have a higher profile during this breeding period are the unique Lava lizards, migrant sharks, flamingoes, sea lions, penguins, whales and dolphins.

Dry Moon End

At the end of December, as the Humboldt Current slows and rises in temperature, there is a shift in wildlife activity that is clear as the second season of the archipelago – a wet approach. For those planning a wildlife voyage in the Galapagos, no time in a year is a bad time, but the dry season can be a fun and enjoyable time to visit.

Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

 

Astrology – Christmas Diagram Explained

Astrology – Christmas Diagram Explained

The astrological birth chart consists of all Planet, Sun, Moon, Signs of Increase and Eaglewood. The placement of this component is recorded in Roda 12 House. The Rising Sign or Ascendant is a constellation that is on the eastern horizon at the time of your birth and determines the start of the first house. 11 other houses are placed counter-clockwise around the wheel.
Every planet has connections to other heavenly bodies in your birth chart. This relationship is measured in degrees and is called ASPECT. When the planet is in aspects 0, 60, 90, 120, or 180 degrees, this is called the main aspect. When the planet is in separation aspect 30, 45, 72, 135, 144 or 150 degrees, they are considered minor aspects.

Astrology – Christmas Diagram Explained

Every sign has a powerful planet, and the planet and the sign are said to be in control of a particular house and every house represents a plane of life.

The first house was ruled by Leo and Sun. The Leo symbol is a Lion, the element is Fire and it is a Fixed sign. Leo represents Heart and Back in the human body and the first home represents the ‘Self’ Astrology – Christmas Diagram Explained

The second house is ruled by Cancer and the Moon. The cancer symbol is Crab, the element is Water and it is a Cardinal sign. Cancer represents the Stomach and the Breast in the human body and the second house represents ‘Money’

The third house is ruled by Gemini and Mercury. The Gemini symbol is the Twins, the element is Water and it is a Mutable sign. Gemini represents the Hands, Arms and Lungs in the human body and the third house represents Brothers and sisters, Communication, Education, Ideas, Problem Solving.

The Fourth House is ruled by Taurus and Venus. The symbol of Taurus is the Bull, the element is Earth and it is a permanent sign. Taurus represents the Throat in the human body and the Fourth house represents the Residences and the property.

The Fifth House is ruled by Aries and Mars. The symbol of Aries is Ram, the element is Fire and it is the sign of the Cardinal. Aries represents the Head in the human body, and impulsively, often rushing forward to various things, and the Fifth house represents Family, Fun, Love Life, Pleasure and Romance. Astrology – Christmas Diagram Explained

The Sixth House is ruled by Pisces and Neptune. The symbol of Pisces is Two Fish, the element is Water and it is a Mutable sign. Pisces represents Legs in the human body and the sixth house represents the Work Environment and Social Survival.

The Seventh House is ruled by Aquarius and Uranus. The Aquarius symbol is Water Bearer, the element is Water and it is a Fixed Sign. Aquarius represents Ankles, Calf’s and the Blood on the human body and the seventh house represents Adaptation, Change, Enemy, Involvement, Challenges and Marriage.

The Eighth House is ruled by Capricorn and Saturn. Capricorn’s symbol is a Goat, its element is Earth and it is the sign of the Cardinal. Capricorn represents Knees in the human body and the eighth house represents Establishment, Inheritance, Legal Matters, Mortgage and Personal Personality.

The ninth house is ruled by Sagittarius and Jupiter. Symbol Sagittarius is a Centaur, half human half horse, the element is Fire and it is a Mutable sign. Sagittarius represents the Thigh in the human body and the ninth house represents foreign languages, higher education, international communication, long distance travel and spirituality.

The tenth house is ruled by Scorpio and Pluto. The Scorpio symbol is Scorpion, the element is Water and it is a Fixed sign. Scorpio represents the Sex Organs in the human body and home to 10 represents Career, Work or Profession.

The House of the Eleventh is ruled by Libra and Venus. The Libra symbol is Scales, the element is Water and that is the Cardinal’s mark. Libra represents the Kidneys in the human body and the eleven houses represent Clubs, Friendships, Networks, Platonic Relations and Social Groups. Astrology – Christmas Diagram Explained

Twelve houses are ruled by Virgo and Mercury. The Virgo symbol is Virgin, the element is Earth and it is a Mutable sign. Virgo represents the Intestine in the human body and the twelfth house represents Hospitals, Monasteries, Prisons, Psychiatric Institutions and Retreats.

Bringing Life on a School Trip to Normandy

Bringing Life on a School Trip to Normandy

Every dedicated teacher continues to look for ways to encourage the imagination of young learners. Organizing a school trip to bring a dusty page of history to life is (or should be) at the top of the list. No subject benefited more than the opportunity to visit sites where past monumental events had occurred, and no subject offered so many choices when planning school trips.
Exploring the Normandy Heritage Bringing Life on a School Trip to Normandy

The Normandy region of France is a logical choice for school trips, with several sites related to medieval studies to the bloody battles of World War II. From the foundation level to the GCSE level, students can benefit from various programs in museums and monuments, many of which can be tailored specifically to curriculum requirements.

History of the Middle Ages

For students studying the Norman Conquest, the trip to Normandy led them to where it all began. Visiting the Bayeux rugs introduced them to early medieval art; these preserved magnificent artifacts are one of the most valuable historical sources available to teach the period to the students. As a complete and compelling visual narrative of the events surrounding the Norman Conquest, this serves as a real learning aid to inspire deeper appreciation of the era, both for the primary and secondary groups. Bringing Life on a School Trip to Normandy

Falaise Castle is another very important site for those who focus on the Middle Ages. The birthplace of William the Conqueror is a great example of medieval architecture, and visiting the site allows students to give knowledge of this important sovereignty, the first Norman King of England, into the historical context.

Modern history

For young people who study the events of World War II, Normandy is an active learning center, with many sites and monuments related to combat performed on French soil. No amount of textbook reading can come close to a deep experience of visiting beaches and battlefields where these events took place and so many youths lost their lives.

The WWII site in the region serves as a serious war heritage and provides an excellent source of education, not just for historical subjects, but also related to politics and social studies. The tour of the cemetery and the battlefield brings home the real reality of war and can not but leave an indelible imprint on young hearts and minds, while a museum with cutting-edge technology serves to bring the drama of the Normandy invasion into real life.

But more than simply providing an opportunity to elaborate facts and meet the curriculum requirements, visiting the WWII site in Normandy is an opportunity for an educator to give young people an insight into the gravity of war, its consequences and impact. Bringing Life on a School Trip to Normandy

Accessible Destinations

This beautiful part of France is capable of sparking a passion for history and learning in groups of various ages in curricular studies, making it the perfect destination for school trips. It’s also very practical in terms of budget and logistics, with the Channel Crossing from Folkestone ensuring a quick trip from the UK.

John Gardiner is Managing Director of The School Travel Company, a tour operator specializing in school trips for schools and youth groups to the UK, Europe and beyond. As a father and avid traveler, John is keen to provide students with a valuable and exciting learning experience outside the classroom. By sharing expert advice with teachers, he allows them to inspire their students and continue their studies into life. Bringing Life on a School Trip to Normandy

Easy Steps to Avoid Student Loan Default

Easy Steps to Avoid Student Loan Default

If you have taken an educational loan to meet your academic career requirements, you will pay monthly installment installments. If you have not made a settlement or forgot to pay it off and your outrageous bills and delays may be a surplus, you may still be entitled to avoid failure, so you should contact your money lender immediately.
To avoid failure, take time to consider and really know your Federal student loan consolidation and the type of debt you get. It’s also important that you do not take more than your needs or above than you think is capable of rewarding. Going for a comprehensive and reasonable financial structure. If you are centered on student loans it is cruel, go to the Student Loan Collection Assistant, established by the US Department of Education, in partnership with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. This software provides material on how to get a comprehensive set of refund options that are open to you.

Easy Steps to Avoid Student Loan Default

You must first understand that with the type of financial plan you get, recognize the structure of the borrowing costs you receive, the student interest cost, and the repayment policy for the debt. Read the contract paper carefully before signing as it is a legal paper saying that you give permission to return the debt as per the plan and terms mentioned in the paper. You must return all your educational loans whether you are finishing your education or not. You have to borrow some money according to your need for tuition fees, so you should plan and budget according to your needs. You should ask the financial aid office to request a small amount other than the maximum amount you want. Easy Steps to Avoid Student Loan Default

The loan applicant must obtain details on the consolidation of centralized loans from the official website of the US Department of Education. A student looking for an educational loan should keep all his documents and records current and organized. He has to keep Easy Steps to Avoid Student Loan Default

Final award for financial assistance

Counseling letter for loan

Paper contract

The paper is related to all the loans you have borrowed

The account code for every loan you get

Contact details of loan provider

Scheduled calendar for payment

Details of your monthly payment

The paper work for that you pay your entire loan

Talk to your loan provider when you need help regarding your refund installment, when you graduate, when you leave school, when you change your name, address, or social security code, when you move to another school, whatever your life may have an impact to refund your payment.

If you can not pay off your debts through monthly payments, you should immediately contact your borrower, he can support you to realize the options you have, with this you can reduce your payment to reduce installments, he may consider temporary payments plan revenue, You due to payment period or may delay or increase the duration of the refund

Everything You Get Before It’s Necessary to Learn about Markers

Everything You Get Before It’s Necessary to Learn about Markers

In many ways, the gun is a good expense. They can be expensive and therefore they may want to know of your own interests that might make you feel more comfortable. But how can you find a marker that you will appreciate? Continue reading and you must learn how to do just that.

Everything You Get Before It’s Necessary to Learn about Markers

Look at the maturity of each baby while getting new markers. Simple weapons are usually a danger associated with babies and toddlers who usually put every little object in their teeth. Make sure that the new gun is completely held away from the small one. Weapons that may be for the purpose of older children can easily infuriate the youth.

A large pistol should be protected and also fun. Regarding young adults, try to find weapons that show basic security and accuracy. You can find weapons that will explode with certainty in the case that lead is hard to press. Teens tend to learn good to have good time simultaneously. Learning through the show is the biggest school.

Let a fresh teenager help markers give him a model shotgun he can use. Every firearm playing alongside a non-lethal bullet is actually well-liked. Your son or daughter can definitely try to build his goal. Some pistol models have targets which means your child can easily train the shooting of smaller items. Everything You Get Before It’s Necessary to Learn about Markers

Always check the label associated with the weapon. Currently, you do not find many markers made from poisonous parts like these people years before. Although, it is possible some people exist. This type of weapon can harm your child, he should take that element.

Suppose your youth are added whenever looking for their own guns. Until you already know what they need, wondering where the weapons they might like might be hit harder than jumping over. This will ensure these people get something they definitely like. In addition, the item assures you that you are not wasting your money on almost any pistol that will not be used.

If almost all the rifles you get for kids are running with an electric pack, make sure you take them out of the actual teen las vegas bankruptcy lawyer with it. Choosing to be amazed how easy it is for every young person to consider a battery outside of some sort of rifle in pieces or chewing it. It is simply impossible to give them a chance to achieve this.

Find a marker that has a good return insurance policy. You never learn the type of shotgun that young adults will attend. By simply finding out your alternative store insurance plan, you can save yourself a lot of trouble.

The Evolution of Cormoran Without Flight

The Evolution of Cormoran Without Flight

The animals of the Galapagos Islands are famous for some of the most unique in the world. With a high number of endemic species, wildlife vacations in the Galapagos offer nature lovers a glimpse of true evolutionary microcosms. Many species have adapted to this unique and remote environment by developing characteristics that enable them to survive in harsh and diverse conditions. Of all the species, though, few adapt to unusual ways like non-flying birds. The Evolution of Cormoran Without Flight
Flight cormoran

On his exploration of the archipelago, the naturalist Charles Darwin was fascinated by the discovery of a cormorant with wings so that it was not proportional to its size so it could not fly. At that time, Darwin was formulating his amazing theory of evolution and natural selection, and he believed that environmental change could result in the loss of birds’ ability to fly. In modern studies of bird DNA, scientists have discovered that, more than two million years ago, it also underwent genetic changes, resulting in a small wing that made it impossible to fly. The Evolution of Cormoran Without Flight

Story Two Halves

While Darwin observes that many evolutionary changes occur in the archipelago that can contribute to the process of natural selection of the species, scientists have gone a long way to deciphering changes in birds at the molecular level. The Evolution of Cormoran Without Flight

Characterized by its short, thin wings, this is the largest of all world cormorants, and the only one of 40 species that can not fly. However, this is a very strong swimmer, and capable of diving for fish. From his observation of this characteristic, Darwin hypothesized that, with the loss of flight, the bird had developed another skill that enabled it to survive – a process now known as positive selection.

Another possibility is that birds lose their ability to fly just because they have no predators to escape, and they do not need to migrate to breed. It is also possible that the change occurred as a result of a combination of these two reasons.

Through a project in which relationships are found between genetic changes in bird DNA and changes in the structure of certain proteins in the body, scientists identify the existence of a gene called CUX1. The gene structure in the cormoran from the archipelago is different from other species capable of flying, so scientists can conclude that its existence alters the function of certain proteins, which affect the size of the wings. They also found that bird DNA showed high mutations affecting the cilia, which play an important role in the development of skeletal and bone growth. The Evolution of Cormoran Without Flight

Research into whether genetic mutations of the non-operable cormorants shared by other non-flying birds is under way, but the same type of genetic change has been found to cause problems in the development of the human skeleton. Findings from the work of researchers with birds have the potential to lead to new treatments for serious bone disorders in humans.

Discover the unique Cormorent Flightless Cormorant on Holidays in the Galapagos

For those visiting the wildlife resort of Galapagos, more than 1,000 pairs of birds can be seen on the islands of Isabela and Fernandina. They can be observed diving for food around the ocean, using their muscular feet to push them down into the water. A growing (and increasing) population is a reminder that, as always, the Universe is full of surprises.

Ice Climbing in Chamonix: What to Expect

 

Ice Climbing in Chamonix: What to Expect

For an athletic adventure that will really get your adrenaline pumping, look no further than ice climbing.
Ice Ice, Not For Babies…

 

Ice is unlike any other climbing surface. During the day its consistency changes massively, from hard and flaky in the morning to the soft in the afternoon, so the sport gets easier as the sun warms the ice later in the day. Every time you climb, the route will be slightly different and your guide will need to alter the route and the position of the rope anchor.

It’s unpredictable and has an element of danger, but that’s part of the reason why the sport is so exhilarating!

Physical Fitness: Are You Up to the Challenge?

To properly enjoy this sport, you need to be fit and prepared for the challenges of ice climbing. You should be fit overall, so start adding some more cardio to your workout routine a few months before your climbing trip to improve your endurance.

On top of this, you should incorporate some moves such as dead hangs, weight sit-ups, pull ups and overhead weighted lunges into your fitness routine to start working on the muscles you´ll be using when climbing.

Ensure You’re Equipped

This is an equipment-intensive sport – you’re going to need a climbing harness and helmet, two ice axes, boot crampons and special winter boots. Most lesson providers will be able to rent you these essential items at a fair price for very good quality gear; it may be a good idea to make sure you like the sport before investing a lot of money in specialist equipment.

On top of the equipment, you’re going to need top-of-the-range winter clothing and water-resistant trousers, coat and gloves – and don´t forget good sunglasses and factor 50 sun cream and lip balm.

Climbing in Chamonix

Chamonix is famed for its ice falls, and in the resort and surrounding area you can find over 200 routes for all skill levels. The icefalls at altitude tend to begin forming in December, with the best time to climb being January and February.

Equipment can be bought or rented in all sports shops in Chamonix, and there is a wide variety of different professional guiding organisations who offer ice climbing courses for beginners and intermediates to the sport.

There are great routes for all skill levels in and around the resort, making it a brilliant place to start out and progress during your trip.

How to Get There

Hop on one of the many frequent flights offered by budget airlines offering the UK to Geneva route. You can be in Geneva in under 2 hours from several UK locations, and in just 90 minutes if you´re travelling from London. Getting to Chamonix from Geneva will be the least demanding part of your trip, as Shuttle Direct has years of experience in providing comfortable and convenient transfers to Chamonix. From Geneva, you can even bring you equipment for free as long as you choose that option at the time of booking.

All You Need is Lava: A Volcanic Hawaiian Holiday

All You Need is Lava: A Volcanic Hawaiian Holiday

Endlessly fascinating for their beauty and danger, volcanoes have thrilled us human beings for as long as we can remember. And if lazy days on the beach just aren’t for you, why not try a holiday with a little more excitement and head to the active volcanoes of Hawaii? In fact, the archipelago of Hawaii was created through volcanic activity and this fiery heritage is everywhere you look in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, USA. Travel insurance experts, however, say it’s safe terrain.
In the park you can get so close to active volcanoes that you can feel the heat from erupting gases and steam as you walk across lava fields in search of indigenous art…

 

Here are three expeditions you should make in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park if you want to experience the power of volcanoes first hand:

The Long One

The Crater Rim Trail is a fantastic trail for those who love their hikes with just a soupcon of danger! The trail is over 11 miles long and works itself around the summit of Kilauea, one of the most active volcanoes on Hawaii. Thousands of years old, Kilauea has been active non-stop for the last thirty years. The trail winds through contrasting sceneries of lush, green rainforests and sterile, steaming rockscapes. As you walk, look out for the earth cracks and vents that break the ground’s surface.

If you’re interested in the local culture you’ll want to know that Kilauea is believed to be the home of Pele – goddess of fire and creator of Hawaii. As the name Fire Goddess suggests, the area can be unpredictable and dangerous. With this in mind, be prepared for sudden trail closures. It’s also always advisable to stay on the marked paths and keep away from edges. Make sure you get out USA travel insurance before visiting – in case of an accident you are safely covered.

The Short One

Ha’akulamanu Trail, or the Sulphur Banks Trail, is much shorter, coming in at just over a mile in length. However, you know what they say: good things come in small packages! The intriguing landscape is devoid of trees as the intense underground heat makes it impossible for most roots to grow. The area is known for the beautiful crystal formations formed by escaping gases over many years. The gas is released through earth vents along with groundwater which is turned into steam and hangs in the air.

Just a warning – it does not smell good here! Rotten eggs anyone?

The Arty One

It’s not often that you can enjoy a nature trail and take in some local art on your way. However, nothing about this art is ordinary. The indigenous artwork found cut into Pu’u Loa, or the “Hill of Long Life”, is carved into the cooled volcanic lava of this sacred site. How amazing is that? There are over 23,000 petroglyphs showing a stunning variety of geometric patterns, human representations and images of the travels of the people of Hawaii around the island. A boardwalk allows visitors to easily view the artwork whilst protecting it and maintaining respect for the site.

TOP TIP: Before you embark on any journey, check your insurance! Designed with explorers in mind, Let’s Go Insure’s USA travel insurance will keep you covered on all your wild ventures.

Ready to have a blast? I’ll see you in Hawaii!

Keeps the pennywort from the Galapagos Islands

Keeps the pennywort from the Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos Islands wildlife is the most unique species in the world. At that time in the archipelago, off the coast of South America, the naturalist Charles Darwin based his research which later became his “Theory of Evolution”.
Currently the archipelago is a popular place for ecotourism, with wildlife cruises in the Galapagos often sitting at the top of the list of nature lovers desires. However, apart from – and, in some cases, because – the remote geographic position of the island, many species face a serious threat to their survival, and some are extinct. Keeps the pennywort from the Galapagos Islands

The ground birds in the archipelago are a declining group, the most prominent being the Finches Darwin (which are actually 15 separate species) – so named as their “light bulbs” in Darwin’s theory of natural selection. Keeps the pennywort from the Galapagos Islands

Saving the Land Bird

The Charles Darwin Research Institute (CDRI) in Santa Cruz, is a site that is in the travel plans of every wildlife voyage in the Galapagos. Their precious works are essential to the preservation of wildlife archipelago, and one of their many projects is focused on controlling the parasitic flies endangering Finches Darwin.

Philornis Downsi is an introduced species, whose larvae live and eat children from finch chicks, causing many to die in their nests. Ectoparasites are also believed to be responsible for the decline of other poultry species.

Philornis Project

Research conducted by CDRI begins with attempts to enlarge the Philornis larvae downsi in the laboratory, without the help of a poultry host. This difficult task is achieved for the first time by a dedicated undergraduate thesis student, although increasing the number of flies in large quantities required for research purposes continues to cause problems.

Researchers from the CDRI went to Panama to observe the work of the Missile Defensive Maintenance Program, where millions of “sterile” flies were produced regularly to help the project to eradicate invasive caterpillars. The researchers can transfer what they get from this very successful project and apply it to very positive results.

Although CDRI flies are bred in greater numbers because of the team’s achievements to improve some of Panama’s project techniques, making flies into regular marriage still proves a challenge. However, there is a large and dedicated team working on this project, and they are confident they will reach a solution.

Learning more about fly biology is essential for the next step in the program to develop successful methods for controlling the numbers. Once a regular breeding program is conducted, research on flies management effectively will provide a major step forward in the conservation of the domestic birds.

Small Project Makes a Big Difference

For anyone planning a wildlife voyage in the Galapagos, understanding CDR’s vital work will offer greater insight into this incredible world and the challenges it faces. The ongoing Philornis project is just one example of how seemingly small conservation projects have the potential to make a big difference to the archipelagic ecology.

Keeps the pennywort from the Galapagos Islands